A key factor in Arkansas’ ability to detect, monitor and control antimicrobial resistance is its public health laboratory capacity. Across the nation, increasing cases of antimicrobial resistance are currently swamping the ability of each state's public health laboratory to keep pace. There has been limited funding in the past for antibiotic resistance education programs and surveillance, and even this limited funding is on the decrease. Approximately only half of state public health labs can provide some basic resistance testing. Like many states, Arkansas lacks the targeted technical ability to detect and characterize emerging resistance patterns promptly in a range of pathogens. Therefore, such resistant organisms continue to spread unrecognized and unimpeded throughout the state.
1 Dr. Fred Tenover, quoted in “The Bacteria Fight Back” Science, July 18, 2008. 2 R. Monina Klevens et al. “Invasive Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in the United States,” JAMA, October 17, 2007: 1763-1771.3 Elixhauser, A. and Steiner, C. Infections with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in U.S. Hospitals, 1993–2005. HCUP Statistical Brief #35. July 2007. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.4 CDC MMWR “Guidance for Control of Infections with Carbapenem-Resistant or Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Acute Care Facilities” March 20, 2009 / Vol. 58 / No. 105 K. F. Anderson, et al.; Evaluation of Methods To Identify the Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemase in Enterobacteriaceae; Journal of Clinical Microbiology, August 2007, p. 2723-2725, Vol. 45, No. 86 CDC Wonder Death Certificate Data, cited in a July 28, 2008 communication to Senator Sherrod Brown7 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) State Inpatient Databases (SID), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, http://www.hcupnet.ahrq.gov/, cited in a July 28, 2008 communication from CDC to Senator Sherrod Brown
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Arkansas AR Fact Sheet
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