Simple Lab-Based Change May Help Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Therapy, Improve Care
Modifying how urine culture results are reported to clinicians can improve prescribing practices, pilot study suggests
A simple change in how the hospital laboratory reports test results may he
Seasonal changes in outpatient antibiotic use – retail sales of antibiotics typically get a boost during the winter – can significantly alter seasonal patterns of drug resistance, according to a new study in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Following an outbreak of Clostridium difficile infections, which often result from antibiotic use, health care professionals in Quebec, Canada targeted physicians and pharmacists with an education campaign that reduced outpatient antibiotic use, according to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online.
In a recent study in Clinical Infectious Diseases, investigators describe a 2008 E. coli outbreak associated with consuming raw milk from the same farm, despite the farm’s adherence to regulatory standards.
In a study published in the current issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, the authors examine an influenza outbreak in a Hong Kong hospital and the possible role of aerosol transmission.
Despite growing evidence that the earlier people are diagnosed with HIV
and get access to care, the better their clinical outcomes, many
HIV-infected people in the United States and Canada are not receiving
the care they need early enough. A study of nearly 45,000 patients in
both countries highlighting this trend appears in the June 1, 2010,
issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.
The effectiveness of ordinary surgical masks as opposed to respirators
in protecting health care workers against the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus
has been the subject of debate. An observational study published in the
April 1, 2010 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, available online, suggests that surgical masks are just as effective as respirators in this regard.
A Chilean hospital's early use of antiviral treatment in influenza
patients and other aggressive measures helped reduce the number of
severe H1N1 cases and related deaths. Those are the findings of a new
study, now available online, published in the March 15, 2010 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases.
The presence of H. pylori bacteria is associated with elevated levels of an important biomarker for blood glucose levels and diabetes, finds a new study in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.
The cholesterol-lowering drugs could be a useful complement to immunization and antiviral medications, according to a study published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases and available online.
Two new studies, published in the January 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, available online raise public health concerns about increasing antiviral resistance among certain influenza viruses, their ability to spread, and a lack of alternative antiviral treatment options.
In three recent studies published in the November 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online, the evidence supports a possible link between Xenotropic murine leukemia virus–related virus (XMRV) and prostate cancer but not other links involving chronic fatigue syndrome, HIV infection, or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
Although immunity to mumps is high in the United States, mumps vaccine coverage must be maintained and improved to prevent future outbreaks, according to a new study, now available online, in the September 1, 2010 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.
The findings appear in a study, now available online, published in the June 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.
Ordinary face masks and hand hygiene can effectively reduce the transmission of influenza-like illness during flu season. The finding comes from a new study, now available online, published in the Feb. 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.
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