Health Equity Research

This a collection of articles sourced from medical journals and research institutions that provides data on the significant impacts that bias and racism have on COVID-related patient care. 


COVID-19 and Health Equity – Time to Think Big
The COVID-19 pandemic revealed health inequities in the U.S., and this article specifies actions recommended for governments at the state, local and federal levels for addressing existing inequities.

COVID Health Equity Journal Club Video Series 
This video series explores the latest research across disciplines such as education, public health, global health and basic clinical translational research. 

COVID-19 and Equity in Education: Longitudinal Deep Dive 
This project is creating an in-depth view of how states, districts and their communities responded to the pandemic with a focus on Black and Latinx communities. It looks at data and community partnerships within six states: California, Florida, New York, Tennessee, Texas and Washington. 

Minority Health Social Vulnerability Index 
CDC and the U.S Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Minority Health developed the Minority Health Social Vulnerability Index to help identify minority communities that may need support before, during and after the pandemic. 

CDC COVID Data Tracker: Vaccination Equity 
CDC presents COVID-19 vaccination data, which can be viewed in relation to location, the social vulnerability index, vaccination status and age. 

COVID-19 Cases and Deaths, Vaccinations and Treatments by Race/Ethnicity as of Fall 2022 
The Kaiser Foundation report presents an update on the status of COVID-19 cases and deaths, vaccinations and treatments by race/ethnicity as of Fall 2022 based on federal data reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 

Recommendations for Federal and State Vaccine Testing Equity 
The National Association of Community Health Workers outline resources to support community-based organizations and workforces in making informed decisions around COVID-19 vaccines and testing with a health equity lens. 

MMWR: Dispensing of Oral Antiviral Drugs for Treatment of COVID-19 by Zip Code – Level of Social Vulnerability – U.S., December 23, 2021 – May 21, 2022 
Lagevrio and Paxlovid are oral antiviral drugs effective at preventing hospitalization and death in patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 who are at risk for progression to severe disease. This article reviews the rate and pattern of oral antiviral drugs dispenses in the U.S. from Dec. 23, 2021 – May 21, 2022. Additional public health, regulatory and policy efforts might help decrease barriers to oral antiviral access, particularly in communities with high social vulnerability. 

Promising Practices for Ensuring Equity in COVID-19 Vaccination 
Public Health Reports provides commentary on how to improve the vaccination rates by developing creative strategies for overcoming barriers to vaccination access. 

It is Not Too Late to Achieve Global COVID-19 Vaccine Equity 
This article examines how global vaccine inequity arose, lays out a renewed case for urgently ramping up the commitment to vaccine equity and proposes principles to ensure no one is left behind in the quest to vaccinate the world. 

Leveraging Black Pharmacists to Promote Equity in COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake Within Black Communities: A Framework for Researchers and Clinicians 
Black Americans are disproportionately represented among COVID-19 related morbidities and mortalities. This publication offers a framework that describes the role of Black pharmacists in narrowing vaccine equity gaps. 

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Outpatient Treatment of COVID-19 – United States, January-July 2022
This MMWR article explored racial and ethnic disparities in outpatient COVID-19 treatment through July 2022, encouraging the expansion of programs to increase awareness of and access to available outpatient COVID-19 treatments to help protect people at high risk for severe illness and facilitate equitable health outcomes. 

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Estimated Excess Morality from External Causes in the U.S., March to December 2020 (May 2022) 
The authors of this research letter highlighted in JAMA Internal Medicine conducted semi-structured interviews to determine reasons for low vaccination rates in Black communities and preferred strategies to promote COVID-19 vaccination. 

Oxford University Press: Health Equity Collections 
Oxford University Press created collections of published material and research on equity and health care. 

How COVID-19 and Community Violence Affect Mothers and Babies (NIH) 
This article provides background on how structural racism and police violence have affected mothers and babies during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors outline why more research is needed and provide resources pertaining to racism, violence, and COVID-19. 

Racism, Violence, COVID-19 and Public Health (NIH) 
This page summarizes NIH-funded research on converging health threats in Black communities. 

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