Ivermectin and COVID-19: Legal Intervention in Clinical Practice Exposes Patients to Serious Harm
Clinicians, scientists and public health leaders on the front lines of our response to the COVID-19 pandemic remain eager for new safe and effective therapies to treat the disease. The suffering and loss of life due to COVID-19 are tragic. We empathize with patients and their loved ones and are working to ensure the best care and outcomes for all.
It is for this reason that we insist upon rigorous scientific review processes and standards to ensure the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 therapies and that we entrust medical decision-making to experts. To provide optimal outcomes for infected patients, treatment decisions should be made using evidence-based data and not anecdotal opinions. Efforts to influence clinical practice through lawsuits, including recent cases ordering hospitals to treat COVID-19 patients with ivermectin, could expose patients to serious harm and undermine the evaluation of COVID-19 treatments.
Regulatory Drug Review
It is critical to our nation’s public health that COVID-19 therapies be adequately studied and that data supporting their use be evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration in a transparent manner. FDA is considered the global gold standard for safety and effectiveness review of medical products, and we rely upon FDA expertise now more than ever. Established FDA processes help to ensure that treatments are safe and effective, inform clinicians on optimal use and build public confidence.
To make therapies available as rapidly as possible during the pandemic, FDA has reviewed data quickly and utilized the Emergency Use Authorization mechanism repeatedly, including to authorize 15 therapeutics for COVID-19 (as of February 18, 2022). To date, ivermectin has not been authorized as a COVID-19 treatment by FDA.
COVID-19 Clinical Guidelines
The National Institutes of Health and professional societies have rapidly developed and updated clinical guidelines to keep pace with evolving science and therapeutic options.
In March 2020, IDSA formed a multidisciplinary panel of experts composed of infectious diseases clinicians, pharmacists and guideline specialists to develop rapid, evidence-based guidelines on COVID-19 treatment and management. These guidelines have been continuously updated since that time to reflect new research findings. In assessing the literature regarding the use of ivermectin in patients with COVID-19, the guideline panel has determined the certainty of evidence is very low for both hospitalized patients and outpatients. For this reason, the panel has made a conditional recommendation against the use of ivermectin in these populations outside the context of a clinical trial. The panel has also stated that well-designed, adequately powered and well-executed clinical trials are needed to inform decisions on treating COVID-19 with ivermectin.
Clinicians treating patients with COVID-19 are relying upon their extensive training, evidence-based guidelines and peer reviewed literature to evaluate individual patients and make the recommendations and treatment decisions most likely to result in positive outcomes. To ensure patients receive evidence-based care and achieve optimal outcomes, it is critical to avoid inappropriate interference in the practice of medicine.
The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) is a community of over 12,000 physicians, scientists, and public health experts who specialize in infectious diseases. Its purpose is to improve the health of individuals, communities, and society by promoting excellence in patient care, education, research, public health, and prevention relating to infectious diseases. Learn more at https://www.idsociety.org/.
The HIV Medicine Association is the professional home for more than 6,000 physicians, scientists and other health care professionals dedicated to the field of HIV/AIDS. The Infectious Diseases Society of America created HIVMA to promote quality in HIV care and advocates policies that ensure a comprehensive and humane response to the AIDS pandemic informed by science and social justice. Learn more at www.hivma.org.
The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) is a professional society representing physicians and other healthcare professionals around the world who possess expertise and passion for healthcare epidemiology, infection prevention, and antimicrobial stewardship. The society’s work improves public health by establishing infection-prevention measures and supporting antibiotic stewardship among healthcare providers, hospitals, and health systems. SHEA and its members strive to improve patient outcomes and create a safer, healthier future for all. Visit SHEA online at shea-online.org, facebook.com/SHEApreventingHAIs and twitter.com/SHEA_Epi.
 Bhimraj A, Morgan RL, Shumaker AH, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America Guidelines on the Treatment and Management of Patients with COVID-19. Infectious Diseases Society of America 2021; Version 4.2.0. Available at https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/covid-19-guideline-treatment-and-management/. Accessed 18 February, 2022.