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Clinical practice guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery

Published ,

American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy February 2013, 70 (3) 195-283; DOI: https://doi.org/10.2146/ajhp120568

Dale W. Bratzler, E. Patchen Dellinger, Keith M. Olsen, Trish M. Perl, Paul G. Auwaerter, Maureen K. Bolon, Douglas N. Fish, Lena M. Napolitano, Robert G. Sawyer, Douglas Slain, James P. Steinberg, and Robert A. Weinstein

Abstract

These guidelines were developed jointly by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the Surgical Infection Society (SIS), and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA). This work represents an update to the previously published ASHP Therapeutic Guidelines on Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Surgery,1 as well as guidelines from IDSA and SIS.2,3 The guidelines are intended to provide practitioners with a standardized approach to the rational, safe, and effective use of antimicrobial agents for the prevention of surgical-site infections (SSIs) based on currently available clinical evidence and emerging issues.

Prophylaxis refers to the prevention of an infection and can be characterized as primary prophylaxis, secondary prophylaxis, or eradication. Primary prophylaxis refers to the prevention of an initial infection. Secondary prophylaxis refers to the prevention of recurrence or reactivation of a preexisting infection. Eradication refers to the elimination of a colonized organism to prevent the development of an infection. These guidelines focus on primary perioperative prophylaxis.

Recommendations

For information on the recommendations of this guideline, please visit the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy's website.

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