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ID Fellowship Match Results

The recent Match, for appointment year 2024, welcomed over 300 new colleagues into the field of Infectious Diseases. The number of physicians entering the field has increased since 2010 and we have also seen a significant increase in the number of training program positions offered. This year, 50.8% of programs were filled in the Match. Overall, when we examine absolute numbers of positions offered, positions filled as well as the number of programs offered and filled since 2010, our trends over time are positive. Specifically, the absolute number of programs filled is relatively stable, but the percentage declined as the number of programs offered increased. Importantly, these trends reflect the high demand for ID specialists nationally and numerous opportunities for those pursuing training in the vibrant, diverse, and impactful field of ID. As we are working on strategies to attract more colleagues into ID, it is critical that we communicate the exciting and meaningful work that a career in ID offers to potential trainees. 

In recognition of the supply and demand mismatch that needs to be addressed, IDSA has launched a new workforce development strategy to address the ID workforce shortage to meet the need for highly trained ID specialists. 

These strategic initiatives will, of course, take time. In the interim, the IDSA Training Program Director Community of Practice acknowledges the challenges associated with the workforce shortage and the challenges associated with directing a program that did not fill in the Match.

ID Match Schedule for 2024 Appointments

The match schedule for 2024 appointments in ID Fellowship programs can be found below. Visit the Medical Specialties Matching Program (MSMP) for more information about the Match and to see the 2023 Appointment Year Report

Aug. 23

Match Registration Opens

Sept. 27

Ranking Function Opens

Nov. 1

Quota Change Deadline

Nov. 15

Rank List Certification Deadline

Nov. 29

Match Day

All-In Policy

Over the past several years, ID applicants to fellowship programs have declined, while the number of opportunities has increased.  In 2010 there were 342 applicants for 300 positions (1.14 ratio).  By 2014 the number of applicants had declined to 254 even as the number of positions increased to 327 (0.77 ratio) and in that same year, 99 positions in 70 programs were unfulfilled.  IDSA has convened the Task Force for ID Recruitment to investigate ways to increase interest in ID among the best and brightest students and residents.

In October 2015, IDSA's Board of Directors approved the adoption of an "all-in" Match policy beginning with the 2016 Match cycle, at the recommendation of the ID Training Program Directors' Committee and the ID Recruitment Task Force.  This policy change was adopted to provide applicants the opportunity to fully evaluate all programs in order to optimally determine the program that best suits their needs, and for programs to compete equally for the available applicants. 


The National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP®) is a non-profit organization that supports a standardized residency and fellowship selection process. The NRMP manages the Main Residency Match® and the Specialties Matching Service® (SMS), which includes matches for more than 40 subspecialty fellowships, including Infectious Disease.

The Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®) transmits applications, letters of recommendations, performance evaluations, transcripts and other supporting material from applicants to program directors. ERAS is supported by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

NRMP and ERAS are separate organizations that work together to support the Match process. NRMP is the organization through which you register to participate in a Fellowship Match. Candidates and ID Training Program Directors will submit rank order lists through NRMP. Candidates must use ERAS to fill out applications and all supporting material in order for applications to be considered complete and for Fellowship Training Program Directors to see applications and supporting material.

ID Fellowship Training Programs must be registered with NRMP in order to comply with IDSA policy and access applications through ERAS.

IDSA is the sponsor of the ID Match. This commitment means IDSA has a direct relationship with NRMP, sets policies for the ID Match, and enters into an agreement with the NRMP to monitor compliance with the Match policies.

The IDSA ID Match Resolution provides guiding principles for Infectious Diseases Fellowship Training Programs and for candidates participating in the Match process, including a move to an all-in policy, in which all Infectious Disease Fellowship Training Programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) will participate in the NRMP Match and offer all positions through the Match.

For the ID Match, the all-in policy means that all accredited training programs will participate in and offer all positions through the NRMP Match. NRMP will support IDSA’s policy and help monitor compliance for all ID programs registered in the Match.

Programs that do not register for the NRMP SMS will not be able to access applications through ERAS.

If an ID Fellowship Training Program enters the Match and fills any of its positions outside the Match, NRMP will apply sanctions in accordance with the NRMP Match Participation Agreement.

IDSA, as the Match sponsor, believes that an all-in policy is the fairest system for ID fellowship applicants. As the number of ID fellowship applicants declines, more programs are offering pre-Match positions, which places undue pressure on applicants. In addition, Fellowship Program Directors feel the integrity of the Match has been compromised. Finally, the number of positions filled through the Match has been slipping to the point that the subspecialty is at risk of losing access to the Match completely, based on NRMP requirements that 75% of positions and programs but be filled through the Match. Taken together, IDSA believes that an all-policy best serves our applicants, training programs and our subspecialty.

Like external candidates, internal candidates will need to register for and participate in the ID Match. Programs that wish to retain those candidates may place those candidates at the top of their rank order lists.

Programs that register for the Match but do not place all their positions in the Match are subject to sanctions by the NRMP

Yes. All candidates must submit their applications for fellowship through ERAS and register with NRMP.

Programs have flexible options and can create tracks (clinical, research and other) if desired to differentiate training options within individual programs. Training programs can designate to the NRMP that unfilled positions in one track revert to an alternate track or remain unfilled. Programs should ensure that each eligible candidate understands about the different tracks.

  • Advertise the open position
    • Summarize unique features of your program, institution and location (include website links and program contact information) for rapid dissemination.
    • Post the position opening with program summary on IM residency program, IDSA, hospitalist listservs (e.g. myIDSA, AAIM/APDIM, FREIDA vacant post listing). Collaborate with the IM residency PD at your program to assist with/boost the post.
    • Reach out to established contacts, including IM residency PDs and ID division networks for potential candidates internally and at other institutions
    • Email unmatched candidates in other specialties
    • Email unmatched candidates in ID
    • Promptly respond to emails from international medical graduates inquiring about a position opening
    • Advertise your open positions on social media
    • Email candidates who had planned to apply next year

  • Request CV, USMLE transcripts, residency program director contact information and contact information for other references in order to determine candidacy for your program and then conduct interviews. Notify candidates that they will need to provide additional information/documentation prior to formal acceptance. Be sure candidates meet ACGME fellow eligibility criteria as outlined in section III.A. Note the criteria and processes for accepting exceptionally qualified international graduates. 

NRMP has approved a Match exception for adult medicine/pediatric ID positions to allow programs to offer a position outside the Match for the second specialty. The exception is available, regardless of the order of training for the combined fellowship applicant.

For example, if a position is offered to a candidate for a pediatric ID position within the Match, the candidate can simultaneously be offered an adult ID position outside of the Match.

Yes. The position must be placed into the Match and the trainee must go through the Match process. A program may guarantee the trainee a slot in the fellowship program. During the Match process, the program should rank the trainee first in the Match list.

Yes. The ID position in the combined fellowship program must go through the Match.  For example, if a trainee is accepted into a Critical Care program, the ID fellowship program at that institution is permitted to guarantee that trainee that they will be ranked to Match in their ID program during a subsequent year, provided that the offer of the ID spot is not contingent upon the trainee ranking the institution’s ID program first on their list.

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