What is an International Medical Graduate?
An International Medical Graduate (IMG) in the United States is a physician who has graduated medical school from outside of the United States or Canada. They comprise about 25% of the U.S. physician workforce.
An IMG may be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident (“Green card” holder), or a citizen of another country.
An IMG applying to subspecialty fellowships may have completed an ACGME accredited residency, or may have completed residency-equivalent training abroad.
What is ERAS?
The Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®) transmits applications, letters of recommendations, performance evaluations, transcripts and other supporting material from applicants to program directors. ERAS is supported by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).
What is NRMP?
The National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP®) is a non-profit organization that supports a standardized residency and fellowship selection process. The NRMP manages the Main Residency Match® and the Specialties Matching Service® (SMS), which includes matches for more than 40 subspecialty fellowships, including Infectious Disease.
What is ECFMG?
The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG, https://www.ecfmg.org ) is the organization which certifies IMGs’ credentials. They are designated by the Department of State to sponsor physicians requiring J-1 visas for medical training.
What is ACGME?
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME, https://www.acgme.org ) sets and monitors compliance with standards for internship, residency and fellowship programs across all medical specialties in the United States. They accredit programs and ensure the education program meets standards.
What is ACGME-I?
ACGME-I is the international arm of the ACGME. They provide voluntary accreditation to medical training programs outside the United States.
What is ABIM?
The American Board of Internal Medicine is the not-for-profit organization which oversees board certification in internal medicine and its subspecialities, including infectious diseases and nephrology. www.abim.org
What are licensing requirements for training?
There are 71 MD and DO licensing boards in the United States. Each jurisdiction has specific requirements which may differ whether you are applying for a training license or a full, unrestricted license. Visit https://www.fsmb.org/contact-a-state-medical-board/ to find the medical board for your jurisdiction.