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Oswald Avery Award

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The Oswald Avery Award for Early Achievement recognizes outstanding achievement in an area of infectious diseases by an individual member or fellow of IDSA who is 45 or younger (on December 31 of the year preceding the IDWeek at which the award is given). The award is based on overall achievement, not usually a single study.


Nominees for the Oswald Avery Award for Early Achievement must be 45 or younger. Please take a moment to review the nomination application and ensure that an NIH biosketch is available to upload as a part of the nominations package.

2021 Winner: Michail Lionakis, MD, ScD, FIDSA

Michail Lionakis, MD, ScD, FIDSA, a clinical investigator who has made multiple breakthroughs in fungal pathogenesis, is the recipient of IDSA’s 2021 Oswald Avery Award for Early Achievement. This honor recognizes members or fellows of IDSA age 45 or younger who have demonstrated outstanding achievements in an area of infectious diseases.

An outstanding physician-scientist, Dr. Lionakis is a senior investigator at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health, where he is also chief of the Fungal Pathogenesis Section and deputy chief of the Laboratory of Clinical Immunology and Microbiology. His research has identified novel genetic and immunologic factors that can explain susceptibility to fungal infections. This has included delineating the roles of CX3CR1, CCR1, CXCR1 and CARD9 in Candida pathogenesis in mice. These findings have important implications for Candida infection, for understanding innate immunity and for developing innovative therapies.

Dr. Lionakis’s work has also identified interferonopathy as the critical driver of mucosal candidiasis in patients with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy. More recently, recognizing the need for novel approaches to the management of COVID-19, he has also provided leadership to a group assessing the inhibition of BTK-dependent NF-kB and inflammasome activation in macrophages on the progression of COVID-19. This work formed the basis for phase II and III trials of acalabrutinib.

The author of more than 160 articles in peer-reviewed publications and a global leader in his field, Dr. Lionakis has built a clinical program at NIH that is a magnet for young investigators and is rapidly expanding its scope and accomplishments. He has served on multiple committees at NIH and elsewhere and has received several honors, including the NIH Director’s Award and the NIAID Merit Award. IDSA is pleased to recognize him with the 2021 Oswald Avery Award for Early Achievement.

Past Oswald Avery Award Winners

2020 Sallie R. Permar, MD, PhD
2019 Nasia Safdar, MD, MS, PhD, FIDSA, FSHEA
2018 Susanna Naggie, MD, MHS, FIDSA
2017 William J. Steinbach, MD
2016 Susan S. Huang, MD, MPH, FIDSA, FSHEA
2015 Eric R. Houpt, MD, FIDSA
2014 Sarah E. Cosgrove, MD, MS, FIDSA, FSHEA and Rochelle P. Walensky, MD, MPH, FIDSA
2013 Cesar A. Arias, MD, MSc, PhD, FIDSA
2012 Dan A. Barouch, MD, PhD
2011 Umesh Parashar, MBBS, MPH
2010 Eleftherios Mylonakis, MD, PhD, FIDSA 
2009 Jean-Laurent Casanova, MD, PHD
2008 Vance G. Fowler, Jr., MD, MHS 
2007 Pablo C. Okhuysen, MD, FIDSA
2006 Cynthia G. Whitney, MD, MPH
2005 James E. Crowe, MD
2004 B. Brett Finlay, PhD
2003 Joseph Heitman, MD, PhD
2002 Matthew K. Waldor, MD, PhD
2001 David A. Relman, MD
2000 Michael S. Donnenberg, MD
1999 William A. Petri, Jr., MD, PhD
1998 Joseph W. St. Geme, III, MD
1997 Samuel I. Miller, MD
1996 David D. Ho, MD
1995 Michael Osterholm, PhD, MPH
1994 Mark Klempner, MD
1993 Claire Broome, MD
1992 Martin Blaser, MD
1991 Marcus Horwitz, M.D.
1990 Jerrold Ellner, MD
1989 Henry Murray, MD
1988 Walter Stamm, MD
1987 John Gallin, MD
1986 Charles Dinarello, MD
1985 Dennis Kasper, MD
1984 Adel Mahmoud, MD, PhD
1983 Anthony Fauci, MD
1982 George Miller, PhD
1981 Gerald Keusch, MD
1980 Robert Purcell, MD
1979 Stanley Falkow, PhD
1978 King Holmes, MD, PhD
1977 Lowell Glasgow, MD, MS
1976 Sheldon Wolff, MD
1975 Kenneth Warren, MD
1974 Malcolm Artenstein, MD and Emil Gotschilch, MD
1973 Frank Austen, MD
1972 Zanvil Cohn, MD
1971 Jonathan Uhr, MD
1970 Hans Mueller-Eberhard, MD, DMSc
1969 Robert Chancock, MD
1968 Robert Good, MD, PhD



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